Projects in RUBION
(α,γ) reaction studies relevant to the astrophysical p-process nucleosynthesisUoI, University of Ioannina, University of Ioannina
In the framework of this project we propose the study of (α,γ) reactions relevant to the astrophysics p-process nucleosynthesis. Specifically, we are aiming to the experimental and theoretical investigation at astrophysical beam energies selected (α,γ) reactions, such as: 73Ge(α,γ)77Se and 102Pd(α,γ)106Cd. The goal of the study, is by using the 4π NaI(Tl) detector to provide experimental data in previously unexplored energy regions or in beam energies were the existing experimental information is insufficient for setting firm constrains of the theoretical model calculations. Accordingly, we suggest the study of the excitation function of the above mentioned reactions for α-beam energies between 6-15 MeV, as provided by Dynamitron Tandem Laboratorium (DTL) of the Ruhr-Universität Bochum and by adopting an energy step of the order of 0.5 MeV.
Adaptations of chloroplast protein transport mechanisms during land plant evolutionMolecular biology of plant organelles, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, Ruhr-University Bochum
During the evolution of chloroplasts from a cyanobacterial endosymbiont, ancient prokaryotic protein targeting machineries were adapted and combined with novel targeting mechanisms to facilitate protein transport in chloroplasts. In the proposed project we aim to analyse the molecular details of post- and cotranslational thylakoid membrane protein transport mechanisms in the moss Physcomitrium patens. These data will reveal insight into the evolutionary driving forces that triggered drastic molecular adaptations during land plant evolution.
Adsorption of model surfactants on subsoil samplesHuman Environmental Research - Stumpe, Institute of Geographie, Bergische Universität Wuppertal
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are known to have adverse effects on human health and the environment. Thus, an effective risk assessment with concern on POP adsorption potential in the soil compartment is of high interest. The objective of our study was to develop a reliable, rapid and low-cost method which is able to predict the adsorption of two model POPs, 4-n-nonylphenol (NP) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), in soil samples based on spectral information (MIR) and partial least-square analyses (PLSR). For the model development 96 top- as well as subsoils were used. To characterize the composition of the samples, they were analyzed for particle size distribution, manganese and iron oxide concentration, organic carbon content (SOC), pH and the soil surface area. The KD-values for NP and PFOA were calculated in batch experiments.
Advanced thin film characterization via highly energetic radiationInorganic Materials Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ruhr University Bochum
This project is dedicated to thin film analysis of materials of interest deposited by the IMC group in a collaborative effort with partners from academia / industry. Primarily, selected metallic thin film samples will be subjected to ion beam and x-ray analysis to gain insights in the effect of deposition technique and parameter variation on thin film composition and functionally exploitable properties.
CO2BioFeedCarbon Sources and Conversion, Institute for Thermo and Fluid Dynamics, Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Within the framework of CO2BioFeed, an approach to the sustainable industrial production of base chemicals is to be developed. The aim of the project is to convert CO2 with olefins from renewable sources into valuable intermediates. The key is to use CO2 as an oxidant for the epoxidation of lower alkenes and as a carboxylating agent for insertion into the C-H bonds of lower alkenes, producing acrylic acid derivatives. In this project, silver catalysts supported on mixed oxides (Mo, V, Te, Ce, Zr) tailored for CO2 conversion will be characterized. The hazard potential of the samples is considered low. XPS analysis is a key to the comprehensive characterization of the catalysts and deriving structure-performance relationships.
Development of STED and SICM instrumentsNanoscopy, RUBION, Ruhr-Universität Bochum
This long-term project aims at developing and optimizing our STED and SICM instrument.
Funded by: DFG
Development of a Combined Stimulated Emission Depletion and Scanning Ion Conductance MicroscopeNanoscopy, RUBION, Ruhr-Universität Bochum
This project aims a combining a Stimulated Emission Depletion (STED) and a Scanning Ion Conductance Microscope (SICM) to allow simultaneous, correlated recording of the cellular topography and a protein distribution in living cells with diffraction-unlimited resolution.
Funded by: DFG, DFG
Effects of nutrient inputs on the carbon turnover of urban and remote forest soilsMarschner, Geographical Institute, RUB
14C-labelled substrates or nutrients and combinations will be added to the moist soil samples after a 7-day pre-incubation period. The incubation will be conducted in a CarbO2Bot® instrument which allows temperature control and records CO2 evolution from the samples through changes in electric conductivity in an alkaline solution. After certain time intervals, the solution is replaced by a fresh one and the evolved 14CO2 is determined in a scintillation counter (Perkin Elmer Tri-Carb 2800 TR). In this way, the substrate-borne CO2 can be differentiated from the SOC-borne CO2 and priming effects are calculated by subtracting the CO2 evolved from an unsupplemented control sample (Hamer and Marschner 2005). Enzyme activities will be determined in soil suspensions to which fluorogenic substrates (MUF, AMC) are added in a 96 well microplate assay as described by Marx et al.(2001).
Evaluating Triton-X-100 Alternatives in Immunocytochemical Staining ProtocolsNanoscopy, RUBION, Ruhr-Universität Bochum
During this project, 3 to 6 different immunocytochemical staining protocols using Triton alternatives will be tested on primary neuronal cell cultures. The usability of the detergents for staining protocols with different target proteins (membrane proteins, cytoskeleton, cell organelles) will be tested and evaluated.
Fe-Mg interdiffusion in pyroxeneDiffusion in Minerals and Melts, Institut fuer Geologie, Mineralogie und Geophysik, Ruhr Universitaet Bochum
Pyroxenes are common minerals in a wide range of magmatic rocks. Diffusion chronometry using major and trace element zoning in pyroxenes is being increasingly used in the last decade but this approach is hampered by the incomplete availability of diffusion data. New experimental and analytical developments for sample investigations on the nanoscale now allow the urgently needed diffusion data for diffusion chronometry to be precisely measured. In our novel experimental approach we will combine pulsed laser deposition for the preparation of thin-film diffusion couples and samples will be investigated using various analytical methods on the nm-scale. RBS will be used to measure the Fe diffusion profile. This research project is a sub-project of a research unit of the DFG (FOR2881).
Funded by: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Functional metal oxides for sensor applications (FunALD)Inorganic Materials Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ruhr University Bochum
Fabricating metal oxide based nanostructures for their application in gas phase sensors. The project covers precursor development and its evaluation for thin film deposition via thermal and plasma assisted atomic layer deposition
H diffusion in ITOLaser processes FZJ, Institute for Energy and Climate Research - 5 Photovoltaics, Research Center Jülich
Although ITO (Indium Tin Oxide) is a widely used transparent conductive oxide, H diffusion in ITO has not been analysed in detail, yet. Especially for the application as a contact layer in photovoltaic devices, ITO layers have been and are used intensively. For most PV devices hydrogen plays a crucial role due to its influence of the passivation of silicon surfaces. Hence, the movement of H atoms in ITO layers is of importance for understanding the performance of PV devices. Therefore, we plan to implant hydrogen into ITO layers. Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS) and effusion spectroscopy will be applied to investigate the diffusion of hydrogen in the films and evaluate the diffusion coefficient from the depth profile Arrhenius dependency. Parameters: * the hydrogen peak should be implanted into a depth of about 0.1 to 0.15µm in the 0.6µm thick ITO layers (ITO on c-Si substrate) * two implantations are necessary with 10E15 and 3E15/cm^2 Best regards, Maurice Nuys
High-energy-ion-implantationIon implantation for research and industry, RUBION / rubitec GmbH, Ruhr-Universität Bochum
In the department RUBION ion-beams, in the area of the industrial implantation, ion irradiations in the MeV range are carried out on behalf of customers in cooperation with our partner, the rubitec GmbH. There is a wide range of different ions available. The available energy and dose range depends on the respective species and the wafer size of our customers. The possibilities are determined by us depending on the application for each customer on request. In this field we are certified according to DIN EN ISO 9001: 2015 !
Investigating the Growth-Cone-like Structures at the Tips of Oligodendrocyte Progenitor Cell ProcessesNanoscopy, RUBION, Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Oligodendrocytes are responsible for myelination in the nervous system thereby enabling faster action potential propagation. Their progenitors (OPCs) migrate from the subventricular zone towards their target cells and are able to renew or repair myelin sheets. A disruption may lead to unmyelinated axons in the nervous system, which is a typical symptom of multiple sclerosis. Greater knowledge of the dynamics of the growth-cone-like structures on OPC might shed more light on the migration and movement mechanisms of OPCs. Using super-resolution microscopy techniques, the dynamics of the tips will be further investigated.
Investigation of the chemical composition of ultrathin films deposited by (PE)ALDForLabs PICT2DES, Microsystems technology, RUB
This project is dedicated to the thin film analysis of selected materials prepared by using the process integrating cluster tool of the ForLab PICT2DES. Ultrathin dielectric, metallic and semiconducting films prepared via (PE)ALD are investigated, here the focus is on 2D materials. The films are characterized with ion and X-rays to gain insight into the influence of process parameters on the film composition.
Qualitative and quantitative analysis of major and trace elements by PIXEParticle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE), RUBION, Ruhr University Bochum
PIXE technique is applied for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of major and trace elements in various kinds of samples, such as in minerals, glasses, alloys etc. The concentrations of elements from Si up to U can be determined in samples of different structures, i.e. in homogeneous thin or thick samples, as well as in layered ones. The sensitivity of PIXE can reach levels of the order of a few parts per million (ppm).
Surface chemical characterization of ALD and CVD deposited thin filmsInorganic Materials Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ruhr University Bochum
This project supports the other ongoing RUBION-projects of RUB's IMC group. Complementary to the RBS/NRA project, selected thin films are subjected to XPS and AES analysis to gain insights into their surface chemical composition.